Tibetan Bon-Po Nuns

What Do You Know About the Jamma Foundation and the Tibetan Bon-Po Nuns?

By on April 18, 2017

For many people, Tibet conjures up the image of saffron-robed monks chanting and giving benedictions. What is not well known is that there are several categories of religion in Tibet. There are also nuns in Tibet i.e. women who have dedicated their life to serving religion and preserving Tibetan traditions.

Origins

When Buddhism arrived in Tibet, there were traditional religions practiced by the Tibetan people in different ways. Unlike other religions that erase the traditional religious practices, Buddhism integrated the traditions in place. This merger gave rise to several categories of religion. One of these categories is the Bon dharma or Bon chos, Iha chos or the divine dharma, this is the dharma that is practiced by the common folk.

The Bon tradition combines shamanistic and animistic practices. The religious ceremonies of the Bon tradition are performed by the gshen or bon po priests. The Tibetan people believe that Olmo Lungring holds the origin of this religion. One of the tenets of the Bon tradition is showing respect towards nature and the use of natural resources for both physical and spiritual troubles.

The Bon Po performed religious ceremonies for the royalty and also appeased spirits to assist the souls of the departed pass peacefully to the afterlife. The Bon Po nuns were part of this religious body.  The 1959 invasion of Tibet by China forced the exile of the Bon Po nuns.

Jamma foundation

The Jamma foundation was formed with the aim of preserving Tibetan knowledge including knowledge of the indigenous religions like the Bon traditions. These efforts include training new Bon Po nuns to preserve the knowledge of the old religions.

The Jamma foundation supports the running of nunneries with the aim of teaching Geshe studies to a new generation of young people.  The studies taught include Tibetan history, religious beliefs, rituals, healing practices and other aspects of Tibetan traditions and religion.  It is expected that there will be Geshe nuns graduating in 2023.

Among the Bon Po nunneries supported are Menri Monastery, the Yungdrung Bon Monastic Center and the Redna Menling Nunnery.

The Jamma foundation also supports learning of Tibetan culture for non-Tibetans. This includes preserving texts on the Tibetan traditions and religions. The foundation supports learning of the Tibetan language so that learners can read Tibetan texts easier. Learning the Lhasa dialect of the Tibetan people also exposes the learner to a wider body of knowledge past the texts.

The Jamma foundation remains committed to providing learners with the necessary support in preserving the Tibetan traditions and religions.

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Cleaning Services

What is Involved in After Tenancy Cleaning Services?

By on April 7, 2017

At the end of your tenancy, the focus is on settling in your new home and not dreary chores like cleaning your previous home. However, if your tenancy agreement states that you are to leave the house in a functional state, you will have to clean before the realtor clears you for receipt of the rent deposit.  This cleaning can be a bit daunting as you have to scrape off all the dirt that has accumulated over time, clear the stains and remove overhanging cobwebs. You can engage an after tenancy London cleaning service by Citi Clean.

What does it involve?

After tenancy cleaning requires you clean the whole house and live almost as you found it. The major areas targeted for closer cleaning are:

  • Living room cleaning

This is one area of the house that will need more attention as it is the meeting point of the family and friends. It has more accumulated dirt than the other areas of the home. Cleaning the living room involves carpet cleaning, soft and hard furniture cleaning, cleaning the windows and the upholstery. This will involve removing stains off the floor and polishing it.

  • Kitchen cleaning

This involves degreasing the oven as well as scraping off baked on grime. The cabinets and cupboards are also emptied and cleaned. The floor is mopped and cleared off any stains.

  • Bathroom cleaning

Soap scum is scraped from the drainages and the sink walls. If the showerhead and bathroom walls have stains, these need to be cleaned off too. It also involves removing makeup marks and cleaning marks off the mirrors.

  • Bedroom cleaning

The bedroom is used only at night which means a lot of dirt can accumulate unnoticed. Cleaning the bedroom involves cleaning the walls off cobwebs and dust. The wardrobes, cabinets and bedside cabinets are also cleared and cleaned. The window panes are cleaned and the curtains vacuumed.

  • Hallways, stairs and landings

These high traffic areas will have caked dirt and stains. Cleaning these areas involves mopping and vacuuming. The walls are wiped down including cleaning the switches and sockets.

  • Other areas

If you are cleaning a stand-alone house you will have to work on the outside too. The Veranda has to be cleaned as well as the external areas of the walls.

Engaging after tenancy London cleaning service has a lot of benefits including freeing up your time for settling in the other home. The cleaning will also be done more thoroughly and expertly meaning you will avoid deposit disputes

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Jamma Foundation

Jamma foundation, Tibetan Bon-po nuns

By on April 2, 2017

There are several religious categories in Tibet, which include the doctrines and practices that compose Buddhism. There is the Bon dharma or Bon chos, Iha chos or the divine dharma, and the dharma that belongs to the human beings, commonly known as folk religion. In Tibet, Bon is an endemic tradition, which includes both shamanistic and animistic practices. These practices are always performed by the gshen or bon po priests. It is believed that Olmo Lungring holds the origin of this religion, which started as a way to show respect towards nature and the use of its resources for both physical and spiritual troubles.

The Bon-po nuns of Tibet are a group of monks that decided to dedicate their entire life and activity to following a particular religious path with the purpose of preserving Tibetan traditions when it comes to religious practices. Unlike other situations, when a religion that enters an area does its best to erase the indigenous religion and establish its own rules and practices, Buddhism did not do the same when it first arrived in Tibet. Instead of ignoring or destroying the religious practices they found here, the Buddhists took what they considered of the biggest importance from the indigenous people, and merged the two religions into a very unique form. This form contains elements from both Buddhism and the religion of the native Tibetans.

If we are to look a bit at what the history tells us, the bon priests were usually the ones called to perform religious rituals for royalties. They also tamed the spirits that lived in the area, to make sure that those people who passed away could find their peace in the afterlife. These practices are very similar with the present day practices of the Tibetan bon po nuns, as both of the previously mentioned practices aim to preserve peace in the world and put an end to all suffering. But, in 1959, when China invaded Tibet, many of the bon po nuns fled in search for safety and shelter. This is how the Jamma Foundation came to life, driven by the desire to bring together the followers of Bon and support the movement that will lead to the formation of future generations of bon po nuns that will understand the old religion of Tibet.

Thus, the Jamma Foundation looks to preserve the old religion and traditions of Tibet, to teach the young generations about the ways of life in the way they took place back in the days, and how these ways and traditions can be of great use in their life today. There are still several bon po nunneries scattered in various areas, having the purpose of teaching the nuns about the old Geshe studies. What do these studies include? Details of the Tibetan history, about religious beliefs, rituals, practices of healing, and other aspects connected to Buddhism. Through this foundation, the great history, culture, and religion of Tibet will surely not die, passing the test of being resilient in time.

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Cleaning Services

End of tenancy cleaning services London

By on March 18, 2017

The end of tenancy has significance to every tenant as it is the time that they move either to better home or their own homes. Most property owners require the tenants to hold a comprehensive cleaning of the home for it to be ready for the next tenant. Failure to do this, the landlord may withhold your security deposit or use part of it to have the house cleaned. It is recommended that you hire a cleaning company instead of when you are moving out.

Why is the end of tenancy different from regular cleaning?

End of tenancy cleaning is a bottom up cleaning. The aim is not only to keep the house clean but also purify all the corners of the house as well as the environment around the home. You also want to get rid of unsightly stains that have been lingering in your kitchen for the last several months.

Here is what end of tenancy cleaning services do to make the home spotless

  • They start by dusting the ceilings, fixtures and removing cobwebs at the corner of the homes. You will be amazed by the amount of dust that is usually in the house even if it looks clean.
  • Cleaning and vacuuming of the window coverings such as stains, blinds, and draperies are also done. It is your work to have the fabric curtains are clean for use by the next tenant.
  • They also clean and degrease the kitchen appliances such as stovetops, ovens, dishwashers, microwave, and refrigerator. Over time, these appliances get layers of grease and burnt food that require scrubbing.
  • The walls are also cleaned from smudges, splatters, and marks especially in the kitchen and the living room. The same happens to the kitchen drawers and cupboards.
  • The bathroom walls, sinks, and vanities are all scoured. Scrubbing extends to the tiles and fixtures in the bathroom.
  • Any drawers and closets in the bedroom and the bathroom are also emptied and wiped clean.
  • Once these areas are clean, the floor is scrubbed and then vacuumed thoroughly. The final part of cleaning is wiping all the doors, doorframes and knobs as well as the outside of the windows.

You should also have any driveways and corridors around the house cleaned. Any items that are unwanted should also be carried away as trash, By doing so, you not only make the place good, but also easier for the property owner to get another client without holding on to your deposit.

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Jamma Foundation

Bon and Tibetan Buddhism

By on March 12, 2017

Bon and Tibetan Buddhism

The Bon came up in the eleventh Century from the Pre-Buddhist religion in Tibet. However, it is thought the Bon-Po religion became widespread with the revival of Buddhism. The efforts of Tetons lead to the introduction of Bon-Po scriptures in Tibet.

After the start of the reign of Emperor Songdetsen., most of Bon-Po Buddhists were forced into exile into China and much of the Southern Asia. This is because the Buddhist rivals took over the country, declared Buddhism the official religion, and persecuted the Bon-Po. The persecuted Tibetans opened Bon-Po chapters in every country that they visited.

Bon as the Fifth Tradition of Tibet 

Tibet is said to have four traditions, Kagyu, Nyingma, Gelug, and Sakya. Of the four, Gelug was adopted from the pre-Buddhist era, reformed, and made part of the tradition. During the conference of abbots and tulkus (incarnate lamas) in 1988, his Holiness Dalai Lama urged an addition of the Tibetan Bon tradition to the four. This, he explained, was due to the similarity of the Bon tradition with the four traditions of the Buddhists. This led to the recognition of Bon as the fifth tradition of Tibet.

Similarity between Bon-Po and Buddhist traditions

Monastic and lay traditions

This tradition includes married yoginis and yogis getting involved in intensive tantric meditation with the lay people did the Dharma practice that involves making offerings, reciting and the circumambulating the sacred monuments. In the monastic traditions, the Bon-Po and Buddhists have full months and novice monks’ ordination. In both traditions, people join nunneries and monasteries at the age of eight. There is also décor and unique architecture in all the monasteries.

Sutra Study

Both Buddhists and Tibetan Bon-Po nuns combine both tantra and sutra in the meditation practice. During the training, the nuns practice a large number of ritual and scholarly texts with debates being the most common methods of study.

The sutra topics in both of the religions include the perfection of wisdom, commonly called Prajnaparamita (also called far-reaching discrimination), the middle way (also called Madhya Maka) that concerns correct view of reality, pramana (the valid way of knowledge) that concerns logic and perception, and the Abhidharma that deals with metaphysics.

The Tibetan Bo Po nuns have textbooks that differ slightly in the interpretation of these traditions and the monasteries in any of the traditions mentioned above. At the end of the study, each of the pieces of training leads to a degree in either a Khenpo or Geshe. Organizations such as Jamma Foundation are pulling efforts together to support the Tibetan bon-Po nuns in their quest to maintain their tradition.

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London removals

The House Removal Services Your Friends Didn’t Tell You You’ll Need

By on February 25, 2017

You are probably aware of a number of House Removals companies and what they do: The movers will pack your items load to an awaiting truck and transport them to your new place. However, that is a generalized approach of packages any removal services company can have.

Professional movers do more than the ordinary and their work is usually amazing—the reason for their reasonable pricing. There are additional services that professional movers offer and are not necessarily offered by all removal companies. Below are a just but a few of them:

Packing

Packing is by far the most tedious and time-consuming pre-moving task. There are a number of reasons why some people refer to hire packing services. First, lack of sufficient space to pack all your items is reason enough to hire packing services. Second, you may have delicate items that you may require handled with special care.

Professional packing services are usually insured such that your items are protected throughout the moving process.

Unpacking

Unpacking services ensure that your items are not only delivered to your new house, but are also removed from the boxes and put in their respective rooms and positions. The unpacking charges may or not include the cost of disposing your packing materials.

Hoisting

Hoisting is a top-notch service which involves moving heavy and delicate items through windows and open balconies. This service is usually useful where the items cannot be further disassembled or cannot get access to your rooms via the doors or hallways in your new place.

This service is a little expensive attributing to the high level of skill that is required in using rope-and-pulley systems to get your items in the house.

Shuttle Service

This applies where a large truck cannot access your home, and items have to be loaded into smaller trucks. The extra charges here usually cater for the lost time and resources.

Exclusive Use of Vehicle

If you need your goods to be delivered to you with a truck, and not include other shipments, be sure to pay for the exclusive use of the vehicle. Though it is not cheap to use the truck exclusively, some individuals prefer it that way and thus do not mind paying up the extra cost.

Before signing your moving contract with a House Removals London company, it is important to understand the kind of services you will receive during moving and the cost for each. A stress-free move is a product of a crystal-clear understanding between you and the removals company from the beginning to the end of the moving business.

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Jamma Foundation

Jamma Foundation

By on February 15, 2017

Jamma foundation, tibetan bon-po nuns

The Tibetans show the distinction between the Bon dharma (bon chos), the divine dharma (Iha chos), called Buddhism, and the dharma of the human beings, also called the folk religion. These categories include doctrines and practices that are distinct to Buddhism. The Tibetan Buddhism incorporates the elements of all these traditions in their practice.

The Bon is an indigenous tradition of Tibet. In this tradition, there is a system of animistic and shamanistic practices that are performed by bon po and gshen priests. The religion originated from Olmo Lungring. It has profound respect for nature and use of the environment for physical and spiritual afflictions.

The bon-po nuns are a team of dedicated monks that dedicated their life to a religious path in a bid to preserve the Tibetan religious practices. In their practices, they incorporate both the original beliefs of Tibetan people and the Buddhism practices. When Buddhism entered the Tibetan region, the Buddhists did not trash away from the beliefs of the indigenous people. They incorporated the great elements of the both traditions creating a unique mix that is unique to their religion.

From the ancient times, the bon were priests whose job was to perform rituals for the kings. They also propitiate local spirits to ensure peace of the dead in the after-life. There is a great parity with the practices of the modern day Tibetan bon po nuns. However, both religions have a strong commitment to bring peace and end human suffering.

The Chinese occupied Tibet in 1959 in an effort that led to fleeing of many of the Bon followers. As the days continued, there was an effort to bring together the followers of the Bon in China and India. The Jammah foundation is in the forefront of supporting the movement to bring in new generations of Tibetan nuns that have the understanding of the old religion.

There is a bon po nunnery at different areas across the region to teach the nuns of the Geshe studies. The studies teach Tibetan history in details, rituals, religious beliefs, healing practices and other things under Budhism. It is expected that there will be Geshe Nuns in 2023. Other important centers for the bon po religion and nuns include the Menri Monastery, the Yungdrung Bon Monastic Center and the Redna Menling Nunnery among others.

The Jammah Foundation and other organizations are coming up to support the push to retain the ancient Tibetan religion, teach the young about the ancient ways of life and how they assist them today.

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